ARCHITECTURE ASSERTIVE: 16 doors in Colserola.
||Carlos Tejada, Josep Lascurain, Pere Santos, Ubaldo Fernández, Cristina Gimenez, Álex Zaragoza, Miguel Ferrer, Pier Berglund, Cristina Pérez, Miguel A. Ruiz.
||BIMSA. BARCELONA Municipality
| BUILT WORK
TECHNIQUE: ARCHITECTURE. Le Corbusier: "Architecture is the learned game, correct, great volumes under the light." Gilles Ivain: "Architecture is the simplest way of articulating time and space, of modulating reality, to dream”.
SCIENCE: ASSERTIVENESS. Psychology: Science that studies the behavior or human behavior. Assertiveness: communication style that is part of social skills. Defence respecting the personal rights of others.
Refers in its first sense, the type of relationship established between different factors involved in an action in the human environment and how this activity influences and impacts: buildings, urban space, in the biological habitat, in human psychology, the environment, civil engineering, economics, urban transport in human sociology, social inclusion in the statutory law and in the landscape. That is, the configuration of Socially Responsible Territories. In its second meaning: the ability of interdisciplinary professionals to interrelate with each other to optimize the most assertive ties in service to society and environment.
01 DIAGONAL DOOR: ASSERTIVENESS
Assertion, from the Latin "assertus". Claim means a certain thing, an assertive person is one who says with certainty. As a strategy and style of communication, assertiveness is between two polar conducts: aggression and passivity. Communication behavior is a mature, where the person does not harm or submits to the will of others. is your convictions and defend their rights. form of conscious expression, consistent, clear, direct and balanced. Purpose: To communicate our ideas and feelings or defend our legal rights without hurting or harm. Self-confidence, rather than limiting emotionality typical of anxiety, guilt or anger.
02 PEDRALBES DOOR: ORIGIN AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT
1949 Andrew Salter. Assertiveness: a personality trait. It was thought that some people possess and others do not. 1958 Wolpe, 1966 Lazarus: "expression of the rights and feelings," everybody would be assertive in some situations and completely ineffective in others. Increase the number and variety of situations to develop assertive behavior. 70's: it was discovered that people with little assertive behavior believed they were not entitled to their feelings, beliefs and opinions (disagree with the idea that we are all created in the same way and therefore we should treat us as equals). In Spain 1983, Cavall, "about assertiveness" New dimensions of social intelligence and interpersonal skills. In the 90's, early effective programs: social skills, social educator Manual. Social Skills Training.
03 SARRIÀ DOOR: THREE STYLES OF COMMUNICATION
- AGGRESSIVE STYLE: Examples are the fight, the prosecution and the threat. Attitude that means attacking regardless feelings and environment. Advantage: difficulty controlling. Disadvantage: the environment do not want to be around.
- PASSIVE STYLE: allow use by the environment, not defend their own interests, and act without regard to their own thoughts about it. Advantage: It is not rejected. Disadvantage: It is used. Ends in resentment and irritation. - Assertive style: to defend its own interests, to express opinions freely without being used, consider other ways of thinking and feeling. Advantage: you get the desired without disruption. It acts on behalf of their own interests without guilt or mistake, without extreme docility, verbal attack or blame, inappropriate forms of action that create pain and stress.
04a VALVIDRERA DOOR: EDIFICATION
The proposed new construction, renovation or expansion of buildings is essentially a set of relationships between various elements of a whole. Artificial materials or natural product designed for industrial process technology and human mind. From this perspective, the correct superposition relationship and addiction is a mental exercise similar to what occurs in personal relationships. The design, calculation and construction of a structure no longer a theoretical model structured fruit of knowledge. The science of psychology is perfectly diagnosed and notarized any change of mind and possible rehabilitation and modification. Assertive architecture extrapolated theoretical concepts and empirical models of this science, applied to the construction technique.
04b LAS PLANAS DOOR: URBANIZATION
Correctly project the route of FSC Madrid - French border, is similar to scalar facilities project in a small local reform. It is a matter of scale and technical complexity required for proper relationship to space and environment where it runs. The explained to the EDIFICATION is extrapolated to the Urban Development Project. The instrument is of a different nature and complexity for proper urban definition. Problem is to correctly solve relations between elements, once again fundamentally human origin. Environmental factors are especially important, mostly products of human action throughout history. All are ideas, dreams, proposals designed by the mind over the centuries and which summarize the felt reality. Assertiveness prevents new proposals not to repeat mistakes that were suffering in contemporary society.
05 BELLESGUARD DOOR: BIOLOGICAL HABITATS
About 9 km from town and Collserola with significant biodiversity, natural and biological corridor defining characteristics: 1) environmental history: micro reliefs, fountains, sunny areas, shady with geology variables. 2) Recent history: different urban edges, its relationship to the mountains: agriculture, forestry, etc.. 3) Small scale: linked to the topography of micro relief, with moist cracks and taller trees. 4) micro scale: the shade under a pine, etc.. 5) macro scale: Important populations of species and habitats are well maintained. Natura 2000 (European maximum protection level). Strategic geographical location, ecological connectivity of the territory. 6) Public parks and habitat use in revitalizing old: Cemeteries, quarries, mines, terraces, rainfed. 7) Integrate visitors and neighbors. Create communities concerned by it.
06 TIBIDABO DOOR: PSYCHOLOGY URBAN
Architecture gives the possibility to create spaces that promote the solution of the integral needs of human beings in order to seek to improve the quality of life. We analyze the psychosocial impact and discusses the factors involved. The ability assertive is one of the factors that favorably affects psychological health. Assertive architecture can improve the quality of life of individuals balancing environmental impact and improving the social skills of the professionals involved. "A vague sense of order emerges from any continuous observation of human behavior" Skinner, 1953.
07 PENITENTES DOOR: ENVIRONMENT OBJECTIVE
Environmental sustainability. A healthy environment is essential for the development and welfare of people. The well-preserved peri-urban natural spaces are a treasure, have survived, and urges conservation. THE BIG BET: Collserola, the large natural area, must penetrate into the interior of the urban fabric. A final step for the city to have healthy environmental conditions. Frames must coexist with urban greenways as corridors and doors to the countryside. BALANCE AND RESPECT: Order access doors and contribute to sustainable management of natural park, consistent with maintaining and enhancing biodiversity. Computer count visitors access the park. Important point to manage the balance, frequency and preservation of biodiversity.
08 SAN GENIS DOOR: CIVIL ENGINEERING
Trinomial ACTION + INTEGRATION + SUSTAINABILITY = ASSERTIVE. The assertiveness engineering from three key ideas: 1) The need for change before you have to ACT. 2) Providing balanced solutions, focused on the needs of INTEGRAL ways and adapted to the context. 3) NO aggression to the environment, ie sustainability from the viewpoint of environmental, social and economic development. And be any of: a) Analysis of needs: pre-existing urban barriers, alternative steps of urban services, setting out paths and itineraries. B) Detailed study of the topography, hydrology, geomorphology and vegetation existing understanding that these are the key input to the feasibility of the proposed solutions. C) Adjustment of solutions using multi-criteria analysis to optimize the proposed solution.
09 MONTBAU DOOR: ECONOMY
Viability and economic sustainability are the key variables that condition the selection of any operation in the territory. They are like the keys to applying realism to everything that urbanism provides a time and space. Viability because you have to know who, how, when and how much of each proposal, and because beyond sustainability to perform a particular operation, even more important is to ensure their maintenance and replacement over time, and therefore anticipate the implications in public budgets. To ensure the viability and economic sustainability can not only be an improvement but must become a primary and indispensable condition of the technical decisions and policies.
10 HORTA DOOR: URBAN TRANSPORT
Transport in this case will not respond to the ability to carry large numbers of people but to give access to anyone for a spot of difficult access. It is important to integrate the transport system in the territory, understanding that brings quality and ease of access, regardless of age and physical condition of those who use it. For this application it is necessary that the transport is silent, and the speed is good for "the observer". In this area where some electrical towers already in the landscape, a cable car towers are set up as new towers are in tune with the historical view of the environment. There is, therefore, think like systems gondola lifts in combination with either vertical or tilted to adjust the values of the slopes to overcome.
11 CANYELLES DOOR: URBAN SOCIOLOGY
It analyzes the social construction of cities, social events and relationships. Needs Detects urban interventions, seeking citizen participation. Build living spaces and proximity, permeable to the needs and equal access, use and mutual respect. Culture of responsibility. Cross gender processes, planning. Include perspective of women, equality, security and mobility opportunities. An assertive attitude to the environment involves projects and socially responsible professionals, creating "Empowerment", decision making and co-responsible culture, creating Socially Responsible Territories (balance between economy, society, environment and culture for the better quality of life through participatory governance, encouraging innovation and competitiveness).
12 GUINEUETA DOOR: INSERT SOCIAL WITH "ALL" PEOPLE
"Crisis" with threats and opportunities, question values, inconsistencies and imbalances emerge in dogmas and beliefs. Human values, sustainable and "worthy" of equality, sustainability, rooted to the land, participation and proximity. OPPORTUNITY: another way of understanding the world, relationships and environment. CHALLENGE: Integration with individualism (participation, cooperation and normalizing col • instructional disadvantaged). COURSE GRADE: planning for "all", disabled, sick, depressed, elderly, unemployed, marginalized and exercise their rights. URBAN DEVELOPMENT: potential advantage of "all", to facilitate access to and enjoyment of environments and spaces. Collective participation in planning, platforms and representative networks. As a community, take into account the individual but to act in "group" and not lose their identity.
13 TRINIDAD DOOR: LEGISLATIVE LAW
Do not detach or territorial strategic planning of urban, scale confluence, and the lack of consistency hinders the implementation of urban planning and environmental law. ACCESS DOORS AS THE PARK IN THE CITY: A step to integrate different areas of legislation. Model and make forecasts of LUC: Art 3, urban development must be sustainable (soil limited resource). Internalize management (now more cooperation, consultation or compensation expropriation) the fact that soil is limited resource and the environment. The soil residual value, including variables such as opportunity cost, consumption of land or environmental gains. Introducing, on a Assertive, the already made in the industry (value and internalize within energy production and raw materials) in the instruments of urban management.
14 TORRE BARÓ DOOR: THE LANDSCAPE AS INTEGRATED SCENARIO
The forest and Mediterranean scrub is a biome that develops in regions with Mediterranean climate with mild winters, dry summers, autumns and springs with abundant rainfall, frequent forest fires in addition to the vegetation is adapted. It is present primarily in endorheic basin around the Mediterranean Sea, sensitive to desertification if you destroy your cover. Torrential rains sweep the floor with ease and quickly eroded. Therefore, the actions taken on all doors premised on the consolidation and cleaning of the ground cover existing and expanded using native species. Moreover we will study the relocation and / or integration of power lines, buildings and infrastructure relevant.
15 CIUTAT MERIDIAN DOOR: THE GROUP ASSERTIVE
The architecture fit assertive corporate social responsibility, we find values of social responsibility "voluntary integration by companies of social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders" (Green Paper Com. Eur . 2001). Socially responsible companies are aware that their production activities have positive and unwanted in human resources, social relationships and environment territoro. Take appropriate decisions to avoid negative impacts and enhance quality. The assertive attitude of the architect / a, which is involved in a territory, respects the environment, people, teams of collaborators, leading to a socially responsible professional. Replacing pyramidal structures for circular.